BCDR International Arbitration Review
June 2020 – Volume 7 Issue 1
Page 149

COVID-19 and the Exceptions to Contractual Liability in Arab Contract Law
Michael Polkinghorne & Yasmine El Achkar


COVID-19 and associated State measures have adversely impacted contract performance across the world, and Arab States are no exception. Contracting parties seeking to limit or exclude their liability in such circumstances may rely on contractual force majeure or hardship clauses, or in the absence of such clauses and where the contract is governed by the law of an Arab State--on the statutory doctrines of force majeure and hardship.